Rev. Thomas Egger

Egger, Thomas

  • Associate Professor of Exegetical Theology, Exegetical Theology
  • Chairman of the Department of Exegetical Theology, Exegetical Theology
  • Academic Adviser for First Year Students, Ministerial Formation
  • Gustav and Sophie Butterbach Professor of Exegetical Theology, Exegetical Theology

Dr. Thomas Egger is the Gustav and Sophie Butterbach Professor of Exegetical Theology at Concordia Seminary, St. Louis. He also is the chairman of the department of Exegetical Theology, an associate professor of Exegetical Theology and the academic adviser for first-year students.

Egger has been a faculty member at Concordia Seminary since 2005. He earned his Master of Divinity (M.Div.) at Concordia Seminary (1997), and received his Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in English and German from Central College in Pella, Iowa (1993). He completed his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) at Concordia Seminary in 2019. His dissertation focused on the phrase “visiting iniquity of fathers upon sons” from the book of Exodus.

His areas of interest and expertise include biblical Hebrew, the book of Exodus, Old Testament theology, Old Testament Christ-typology, divine justice, narrative and rhetorical analysis, the nature and authority of Scripture, and “objectionable” texts in the Bible (those often raising criticisms of divine violence and accusations of divine immorality).

He has made contributions in the area of American Lutheran history, especially the history of The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod (LCMS) and its first president, Dr. C.F.W. Walther. He is interested in the theology of Luther’s catechisms and the intersection of the catechism and the Bible in Lutheran teaching and piety.

His writings include “The OT Sabbath: Creaturely, Catechetical, and Christological Reflections,” presented at the Concordia Seminary Theological Symposium in 2014; “Jesus: The Restorer of Rest” in the summer/fall 2014 issue of Concordia Seminary magazine; “Jesus: The Second and Greater Adam” in The Restoration of Creation in Christ: Essays in Honor of Dean O. Wenthe (Concordia Publishing House, 2014); “Jesus: The Second and Greater Adam” in Modern Reformation 22:6 (2013): 40–45; and “Waltherana Research Guide” in C.F.W. Walther: Churchman and Theologian (Concordia Publishing House, 2011).

He served as pastor at Zion Lutheran Church in Storm Lake, Iowa (2000–05). He previously served as a guest instructor at Concordia Lutheran Seminary in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (1999).

In addition to his Seminary duties, Egger presently serves on the Board of Regents for Concordia University Chicago, River Forest, Ill.; the Concordia Historical Institute (CHI) Awards Committee; and the CHI Walther Roundtable Committee. He served three terms on the LCMS Commission on Theology and Church Relations and was part of the seven-member LCMS Catechism Revision Committee, which prepared the 2017 revision of the Synod’s explanation of Luther’s Small Catechism. He has a strong interest in classical education, having served from 2008–18 on the Board of Directors of Providence Classical Christian Academy, a K–12 school in St. Louis, Mo.

His favorite pastimes are running, Cardinals baseball, birdwatching, hiking, golf, reading stories and poetry to his children, and singing hymns with his family. He and his wife, Victoria, have been blessed with six children.


Biblical Hebrew
Old Testament theology and Christ-typology
Divine justice
Narrative and rhetorical analysis
The nature and authority of Scripture
“Objectionable” texts in the Bible


Ph D Concordia Seminary, St. Louis Saint Louis, MO Biblical Studies
MDIV Concordia Seminary, St. Louis St. Louis, Missouri
BA Central College Ella, Iowa English